A little about my outdoor grow. I first begin around the last week of March. I Find the area that I want to plant in, then I dig out the hole.
I double dig the hole. What is double digging?
Well if you have a patch of soil that you'd like to turn into a well-draining garden bed with deep, loose soil, then you'll need to put in some elbow grease and double-dig the bed.
What is double-digging? Double digging involves loosening the soil more than 12 inches down. This creates conditions under which plants' roots thrive.
Why should you double-dig? Double digging aerates the deeper layers of your garden's soil. This allows your plants to grow bigger and more vigorously because they have room for their roots! It also improves drainage greatly, which is very important for healthy plants. Double-digging is the first step in creating the most productive garden bed possible.
I dig down at least 3 feet down and 4 to 6 feet wide. Now after digging the hole, I add high phosphorus compost to the bottom of the hole at least 6 to 10 inches. Then a Layer of soil mixed with potting soil 6 to 10 inches, then a layer of soil about 6 to 10 inches. You can add some blood meal and bone meal to soil if you care to. Then adding a layer of high nitrogen compost 6 to 10 inches. Finish off with soil. Allow this to set till ready to plant.
Growing outdoors I like using seeds, clones can be used also if you like, saves time but usually not as strong to pest and diseases as seeds.
I begin my seeds around end of April, when starting seeds I germinate them under wet paper towels, (there are many ways to do it, this is the way I like to do it). I take a plate and then take about 4 sheets of wet paper towels folded, i add seeds fold over paper towels and then add a sheet of plastic wrap, punching a few small holes for air flow. Set it on top of refrigerator and wait 24 hours.
After 24 hours check on seeds carefully unfolding wet towels. Usually some seeds will crack and show a little white tail, this is the root tip. When it is about a 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch long, using a pair of tweezers plant your seeds in whatever medium (soil, rockwool cube, peat moss, ect...) you choose to start with.
I start out with 16oz cups filled with potting soil and then place my seeds in each cup, marking each cup with seed name. I then place under florescence lights.
After about 30 days of growing, if using lights I recommend keeping lights on 24 hours as the seeds grow, if using the sunlight well keep it under good light as much as possible to have the best possible growth. Sometime around the 30 day mark, plants will either show sex or you can sex them yourself either taking a clone or putting the plant in 12/12 hours light on/off.